Knee injury treatment will depend on which part of the knee has suffered damage and what is the extent of the damage. Serious knee injuries should be treated only by a qualified and experienced orthopedic surgeon to ensure safe and effective results.
Thomas & Bigler Knee & Shoulder Institute, led by board certified surgeons Dr. Thomas and Dr. Bigler, is a leading practice providing knee injury treatments. The practice receives patients from Las Vegas, Nevada and surrounding communities.
Simple sprains or strains involving the knee may be treated with RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) therapy. Over the counter anti-inflammatory medications may be used to address the pain and inflammation arising due to these minor injuries. Splinting or immobilizing the injured knee can reduce the chances of further damage, and can help stabilize the knee if it has torn ligaments.
Chronic knee injuries may require cortisone injections, which contain steroids. If the injury is more extensive and involves instability of the knee joint, torn ligaments, swelling, fracture, or decreased range of motion, it will require treatment from an orthopedic surgeon. Crutches and wheelchair use may be advised during the period of treatment. Thomas & Bigler Knee & Shoulder Institute provides advanced solutions for knee injuries to patients in Las Vegas, Nevada, and nearby areas.
In case of extensive damage to the menisci or ligament tears, surgery may be indicated. Dislocations or fractures of the knee may also require surgery. Emergency surgery may be needed in case of acute injuries arising from forceful impact or damage to multiple parts of the knee.
In most cases, the knee surgery will be performed arthroscopically. Small punctures will be made in the knee to insert an arthroscope attached to a camera. With this technology, the surgeon can perform the knee repairs without having to make a large incision to open the knee. Physical therapy may be advised after the surgery to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the knee.
Severe knee injuries can be debilitating, and dislocations of the knee joint may cause vascular injuries resulting in severe disability. In case of minor knee injuries such as strains or sprains, the healing can occur gradually, and the prognosis is usually enlightening.
Cartilage or ligament injuries that cause instability or dysfunction of the knee may need surgery. Patients can usually recover the knee motion fully. Some knee injuries can result in irreversible, chronic damage, and long-term dysfunction.
The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) provides an exercise guide, which includes images and directions. However, the patient should perform these exercises in consultation with the surgeon. Lunges, deep squats, full arc knee extensions, and hurdler’s stretches should be avoided since they can cause additional stress to the knee joint.
Recovery in case of sprains or strains may take about one to two weeks. Complete recovery following a knee arthroscopic surgery can take one to three months. The surgeon’s instructions for rest, immobilization, and appropriate physical therapy should be followed for safer and faster recovery.
If you would like to schedule an appointment or learn more about the Knee and Shoulder Institute procedures & treatments performed by Las Vegas, Nevada board certified surgeons Steven C. Thomas, MD and Gregory T. Bigler, MD. call (702) 933-9393; Physical Therapy (702) 933-9394