Knee Injury Treatment
Treatment for knee injury will determined according to the specific part of the knee that has suffered damage as well as the extent of damage. It is important to choose a trained and experienced orthopedic surgeon for treating severe knee injuries in order to have predictable outcomes.
Board certified orthopedic surgeons Dr. Steven Thomas and Dr. Gregory Bigler provide safe, proven and advanced treatments for knee injuries. Patients in Las Vegas, Nevada and surrounding locations have an opportunity to receive these treatments in a state of the art environment at their practice.
The most common types of injuries involve simple sprains or strains, which can be treated with RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation) therapy. Pain and inflammation in the area can be improved with over the counter anti-inflammatory drugs for these minor injuries. However, to minimize the risk of further damage, the patient may have to receive splinting or immobilizing of the injured knee, particularly if the knee has suffered torn ligaments.
Cortisone steroid injections may be required to treat chronic knee injuries. If the injury is more severe, involving swelling, fracture, reduced range of motion, torn ligaments or instability of the knee joint, the patient should receive treatment from a qualified orthopedic surgeon. The patient may have to use a wheelchair or crutches during the treatment phase. Dr. Thomas and Dr. Bigler are board certified orthopedic surgeons receiving patients from Las Vegas, Nevada, and nearby areas for knee treatments.
If the knee has suffered severe ligament tears or extensive damage to the menisci, surgery may be required. Fractures or dislocations of the knee may also indicate surgery. If a severe injury occurs due to a sudden, forceful impact or damage to multiple parts of the knee, the patient may require emergency surgery.
Knee surgery is typically performed using an arthroscope. The surgeon will make tiny punctures in the knee to insert an arthroscope attached to a camera. This will allow the surgeon to view the underlying structures of the knee and perform precise repairs without having to open the knee with large incisions. Physical therapy regimen will follow after the surgery to strengthen and stretch the knee muscles.
Major knee injuries can be debilitating, and vascular damage may occur due to a dislocated knee joint, resulting in severe disability. But in case of minor knee injuries, the prognosis is generally good, and the strains or sprains will gradually heal.
Surgery may be necessary if the ligament or cartilage injuries have caused dysfunction or instability of the knee. Following surgery, most patients are able to recover the knee motion completely. However, a few types of knee injuries may lead to chronic, irreversible damage and long term dysfunction.
The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) offers an exercise guide with detailed directions and images. But the patient should take care to perform these exercises only after consulting the surgeon. Deep squats, lunges, hurdler’s stretches, and full arc knee extensions should be avoided because they may result in additional stress to the knee joint.
If you would like to schedule an appointment or learn more about the Knee and Shoulder Institute procedures & treatments performed by Las Vegas, Nevada board certified surgeons Steven C. Thomas, MD and Gregory T. Bigler, MD. call (702) 933-9393; Physical Therapy (702) 933-9394